You may have noticed that today’s Google doodle celebrates the 30th anniversary of the WWW. Currently, there are more 1.5 trillion web pages* although it is believed that only 5% to 15% is activated. We use social networks, watch movies, read news.
Part of you is learning Html and want to develop in the direction webdevelopmentu, and probably not even heard the name of a physicist, father, HTML, web browsers, and the developers of the WEB Tim Bernersa Is.
The web and its history
World Wide Web (i.e. the WEBSITE) was established in 1989. Tim Berners-Lee, then a 34-year employee of the research center CERN, created the project of a completely new network information. The application and the database was originally designed to meet the demand for automated knowledge-sharing between scientists in universities and institutes around the world.
A year later, in collaboration with the Belgian Robert Cailliau naukowecem presented a construction project system model-based client-server, which allows getting information from hypertext (text, referring to other texts) using the created in the same year, the first browser. The first specifications for HTML, Berners-Lee published in the end of 1991.
The first web page
The first page at CERN, as the world was concerned… the World Wide Web, and it was posted by the Creator on the NeXT computer. We can assume that his computer was thus the first in the world with an Internet server.
NeXT computer, owned by Tim Berners-Lee to the Science Museum in London:
For many people the SITE is the Internet, however, this definition is identical. The WEB was service, which brings together environmental akdemickie around the world. Tim Berners-Lee saw the possibility of connecting hypertext to the Internet, but no one’s ever done that before, and his idea was not met with enthusiasm. He started develop transfer Protocol documents hipertekstowych Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP) and unified addressing format that is, the URLS (and URIs), you will find what you need.
The growing popularity of the web site
On 30 April 1993. CERN put the software World Wide Web free. The service was available for free on the principles of open source code (no license restrictions), which led to its popularity. Still, however, had competitors in the form of old protocols.
A little late, because in the same year was created and published the first graphical Web browser, Mosaic (formerly browsers just show the text that was not able to view graphs), becoming the next breakthrough in the development of the network, but also the further popularization WWW.
Internet connection allows you to create web servers around the world. Tim Berners-Lee after leaving CERN, he founded World Wide Web Consortium (W3C)who today is the Director. His role in the development of web standards, such as, for example, HTML) was significant. Currently promotes vision semantic network (Semantic Web).
In 2013. CERN has launched a project to restore the first web page, therefore, in the address info.CERN.ch may feel some time KLIMAT retro.