Scaleway: Cloud trends in 2022

The European multi-cloud provider Scaleway has identified the key cloud trends for 2022. Cloud users will therefore consider new factors for their cloud services: sovereignty, data protection, freedom of choice and environmental friendliness. […]

1. Multi-cloud, i.e. the use of multiple cloud providers, will become increasingly important in 2022. Customers are increasingly aware of the risks of committing to only one provider, as the AWS outage has proven. The multi-coud trend will therefore lead to greater choice, price arbitrage and risk management, both in geopolitical terms and in terms of resiliency. A multi-cloud approach helps to ensure business continuity and reduce costs.

2. Users want to deal with servers as little as possible. The introduction of modern cloud architectures will continue to progress rapidly both on the container side, especially with Kubernetes, and on the serverless side. According to Gartner’s study “Kubernetes and the battle for cloud-native infrastructures”, 85 percent of companies will be using containers in productive operation by 2025, compared to less than 30 percent in 2020. The strong growth indicates an increased demand for scalability and flexibility of the architecture. Lower costs and simplification of the application not only allow more efficient use of resources, but also allow more efficient work, since less time has to be spent on managing technology.

3. Cloud architecture is becoming increasingly modular. As technological requirements are constantly evolving and new applications are needed, the cloud architecture must be increasingly modular. On the one hand, to support future applications, on the other hand, so that the product ecosystems work well together. This becomes particularly clear when new technologies become established, which is also reflected in the projected tripling of the market volume for cloud microservices between 2020 and 2026.

The agility, scalability and efficiency of the microservice architecture are too significant to be ignored. Therefore, we expect that IDC’s prediction from 2018, according to which 90 percent of applications will have a microservice architecture by 2022, will actually come true this year. In order to build modular container or serverless architectures, an additional focus is placed on the connection of “glue” products, such as messaging & queueing or observability.

4. AI and robotics will develop enormous potential in medical research and thus sustainably change the healthcare sector and other industries. In order to realize the potential, an increased use of centralized and edge cloud solutions is required, since the use of local servers for resource-intensive research is too high a cost factor.

5. Open source as a great trailblazer. As the software community is increasingly moving away from proprietary and patented products, the threshold for the use of advanced technologies is significantly reduced. This opens the doors for individuals and organizations with fewer resources – be it start-ups, scale-ups, non-profit organizations, organizations from developing countries and others. However, the question remains: who pays for high-quality open source products? Who really controls them?

6. Developers need ease of use. The new generation of programmers expects the same user-friendliness in their professional tools that they know from private applications. If these expectations are not met, it is important to provide these new solutions as quickly as possible. The working environments will also continue to evolve and enable asynchronous work as well as work in the home office and on the go.

7. Suitable for the design of life. Young professionals try to reconcile their personal values with their consumption, work and leisure activities. Regionality and sustainability are just as important for employees as they are for consumers in general. According to Statista, it is important for more than 56 percent of German employees that their employer is climate-neutral or sustainable. Taking responsibility in this regard will therefore become a business necessity for companies in 2022.

8. It’s getting hot in data centers. The excessive energy and water consumption of many data centers is increasingly coming to the public’s attention. The sustainability discussion will also revolve around the code. Technologies such as serverless are the climate-friendly choice in terms of consumption, as they only work – and thus consume energy – when they are needed.

9. Termination fees that cloud providers charge customers to their customers when they leave their services, as well as cloud credits, have recently been a big point of contention in the cloud industry. The industry has now progressed so far that neglecting the lock-in effects and deregulation is no longer permissible, both from the point of view of consumer protection and from the legal point of view. In 2022, the antitrust authorities will take action to lay the foundations for regulation or abolition.

10. The EU will reshape the conditions of competition. Leading markets (such as the USA and China) pursue an asymmetric public procurement policy that favors their local cloud service providers and puts their European counterparts at a disadvantage in global competition. The European Union will intervene to level the playing field again, which should be done in two ways: regulating the digital “gatekeepers” through the Digital Markets Act and the Data Act, as well as implementing a cloud industrial policy based on equal conditions of competition, software sovereignty and a new Buy European Tech Act.

11. Startups and scale-ups will choose their cloud providers based on their privacy policies. The criteria for choosing a cloud provider go beyond the pure price / performance ratio. Technological choice, independence and reliability are becoming key components of a real risk management strategy, especially for scale-ups.

*Bernhard Lauer is, among other things, a freelance editor of dotnetpro and manages the Basic Instinct section here, for example. He has been programming privately with Visual Basic since version 1.0.

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